First, let’s be clear on a very basic situation of truth. We see commercialized non-profits, once again, trafficking GONCON and other Pesticides (its use for an overpopulation of Wild Horses that does not exist), with False Narrative and outright lies about it. The truth is, Immunocontraception is a birth control method that uses the body’s immune response to prevent pregnancy. But the use of this Pesticide, which science tells us definitively, destroys the Immune System Long-Term, to destroy the ovary, a scientific fact. It does not use “the body’s immune response” within any positive-collateral context, as truthful science shows. It is a sterilization process, a scientific-absolute, as a Pesticide.
Reality shows us, It is merely an elaborate scheme to commit genocide, and under the guise of, in this case, supposedly saving Wild Horses; although, no evidence exists of it saving much of anything. We have seen the same pro-slaughter concept, or paradigm, by others in past years, i.e. Representative Wallace of Wyoming, and sending the Wild Horses to slaughter to “save them”; which, equates to rhetorical false narrative entirely. And yet, despite what they say, we see their actions prove, time and time again, their bias favors humans, and no necessity for animals, is quite clear, other than to use, and if not useful, to kill or slaughter them.
Is it interesting to note, when we explore the history of Genocide, (i.e. Ecocide et al.,) we see Birth Controls and False Narratives used, side by side, and often with no truthful science what so ever, to be consistent? Certainly, there was no science conducted for the Salem Witch Trials and Hangings genocide; there was no science involved during the Jewish Kill-Off and genocide in WWII; there was no science involved in the Buffalo genocide; there was no science involved in the Native American genocide; there was no science in the shooting of Native American horses genocide; and, like so many other kill-offs that we classify throughout history as genocide or ecocide, we find false narratives with the very basis of bias and hatred, that essentially overwhelmed any science that may had been available.
This Is the process of Genocide, and the distribution of not only misleading information, but outright lies. The facts with today’s GONACON, develops perfectly to all synopsis of previous history of Genocide – and what we find is the experimentation of toxic drugs, often, which favor industry, as well. Making profit from Genocide? Yes, it is how it is done, and history shows this quite well.
Assuredly, we can refer to the almost extinction of Buffalo, and its purpose of Genocide – done to actually starve the Native Americans (a true genocide from basic ignorance, bias, and hatred) at that time, to also supplement shooting all of their horses; thereby, the genocide (i.e. Ecocide) of the Native American’s, simply one more step forward toward complete genocide.
Are you starting to see similarities now, between historical events of genocide, and the ongoing tragedy of the Wild Horses, by corrupt industry – government agencies – and commercialized non-profits? If not, you’re not paying attention to the developments of today, and those who are obviously, against the Wild Horses $$$$, yet sell themselves as supporting Wild Horses . . .
“The Genocide-Ecocide Nexus quite clear: This connects ecocide to the practice of genocide, there are two aspects of this type of analysis that need further development. First, we must deem ecocide problematic because of its devastating effect on human life but not necessarily because of the harm it wreaks on non-human beings and the planet. In this respect, we rely on and maintain a human-nature dualism that understands ecocide to be more morally problematic because of its effects on humans than its effects on other beings.”
We find Fracking coincides with developments (e.g., a noteworthy example) in accord with several reasonable altercations and misinformation, mostly from false narratives created to do so. In particular, when Fracking (the same as Pesticides being forced upon our Wild Horses within a false narrative context) forced upon our society and environments, together; thereby, genocide / ecocide all-inclusive of, indeed, industry and within numerous studies.
Interesting, is the facts we hide is the actual genocide, and its effect, within this misinformation and false narratives (i.e. use of Pesticides as a birth control, simply untrue and experimental, which makes room for false narratives in particular) that support it all . . . Now we can compare Fracking with the use of Pesticides used as a Immunocontraceptive, via the same class categorically, as well as the assumptive format of use i.e., disinformation campaign, alongside of false narratives, and outright lies.
Gone is the aspect, we discover throughout history, that small local communities are most affected by developments that often cite considerable negative impacts on the environment and human health. This is all inclusive of groundwater contamination, air pollution, radioactive and toxic waste, water usage, earthquakes, methane migration, and the industrialization of rural landscapes, et al.
The cumulative effect of which to condemn fracking, as well as the Wild Horses going extinct, is all a threat to basic human rights and safety, particularly the rights to clean water, soil without pollutants, the air we breathe, and health issues – and our human rights to have a diversity of Wild Life, inclusive of Wild Horses. This is what American’s truly want, Wild Horses to roam Free on our Public Lands, without encumbrance, fencing, or any type of harassment or experimented upon.
American’s, the majority, do not want more Pesticide use forced upon our Wild Horses’, nor our Public Lands, nor Fracking of any type. Once again, we see the issues of diversity in our wilderness areas and Public Lands fast becoming an issue. We also see the context of genocide, by and for industry, to rid our lands of competition, and unnecessary to do so. The more grotesque fact is, ultimately, they will want to rid our land of humans, eventually.
But similar is the fact that other-than-human animals, plants, and other beings that share the land that we all indeed inhabit, remains and always will be a priority – as it should be.
According to Shawnee philosopher Thomas Norton-Smith,
- Native Americans have an expansive notion of personhood, which reflect the insights;
- that personhood does not constitute the essence of a human being;
- an entity is a person by virtue of its membership and participation in a network of social and moral relationships and practices with other persons; and
- moral agency is at the core of personhood.
This view of personhood contrasts sharply with many theories of personhood in the Western worldview, which almost exclusively attribute personhood to humans due to various characteristics that are supposedly unique to human life—primarily rationality, agency, moral reasoning, and free will.
Because the Western notion of personhood relies on human uniqueness, it frequently assumes a hierarchy between humans, animals, and other beings. However, this hierarchy does not exist for many Native American communities, and today many American communities of diversity also understand this situation, and learned through history, and to develop a positive Culture of Acceptance and respect toward all other living beings, rather than develop bias or hatred, toward others.
Chickasaw writer Linda Hogan, explains, “for us, the animals are understood to be our equals. They are still our teachers. They are our helpers and healers. They have been our guardians and we have been theirs.”
Being members of different species is not a barrier to these relationships because underlying this approach to nonhuman personhood is the ontological principle that everything is related. As Deloria explains, “everything in the natural world has relationships with every other thing and the total set of relationships makes up the natural world as we experience it.
In contemporary times, we all have come into conflict with global conservation movements, which care deeply about the health of ecosystems and animal populations, but frequently hold the view that such ecosystems flourish best when humans leave them alone. Diversity of wildlife and inclusive of Wild Horses, as well as Predator Prey Relationships develop freely, and we actually have no use for birth controls of any type, nor do we have any use for supposed and costly, awkward at best, wildlife management paradigms, that never work, as history shows us as well. – Article / Paper written by John Cox, Cascade Mountains 2022
Alvarez, Alex. Native America and the Question of Genocide. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014.
Anderson, Joyce Rain. “Walking with Relatives: Indigenous Bodies of Protest.” In Unruly Rhetorics: Protest, Persuasion, and Publics. Edited by Jonathan Alexander, Susan C. Jarrett, and Nancy Welch, 45-59. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburg Press, 2018. Doi: 10.2307/j.ctv75d8pr.6
Atleo, Eugene Richard (Umeek). Tsawalk: A Nuu-chah-nulth Worldview. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004.
Barsh, Russel. L. “Forests, Indigenous Peoples, and Biodiversity.” Global Biodiversity 7, no. 2 (1997),
Brown, LaDonna. “The Chickasaw Creation Story.” Chickasaw TV Video Network. November 7, 2013. Video, 00:01:37. Accessed July 26, 2020. https://www.chickasaw.tv/videos/the-chickasaw- creation-story.
Burkhart, Brian. Indigenizing Philosophy through the Land: A Trickster Methodology for Decolonizing, 20-24.
Environmental Ethics and Indigenous Futures. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2019. Doi: 10.14321/j.ctvkjb3xp
Cajete, Gregory. Native Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence. Sante Fe: Clear Light Publishers, 2000.
Card, Claudia. “Genocide and Social Death.” In Genocide’s Aftermath: Responsibility and Repair. Edited by Claudia Card and Armen T. Marsoobian, 10-26. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2007.
Carleton, Ken. “Nanih Waiya: Mother Mound of the Choctaw,” The Delta Endangered 1, no.1 (Spring 1996). Accessed July 16, 2020. https://www.nps.gov/archeology/cg/vol1_num1/mother.htm.
Cook, John R. The Border and the Buffalo: An Untold Story of the Southwest Plains. Chicago: Lakeside Press, 1938.
Cordova, Viola F. “What Is the World?.” In How It Is: The Native American Philosophy of V.F. Cordova. Edited by Kathleen Dean Moore, Kurt Peters, Ted Jojola, and Amber Lacy, 100-106. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2007.
Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 2003.
Dary, David A. The Buffalo Book: The Full Saga of the American Animal. Sage Books, 1989.
Deloria Jr., Vine. “Relativity, Relatedness, and Reality.” In Spirit and Reason: The Vine Deloria,Jr., Reader. Edited by Barbara Deloria, Kristen Foehner, and Sam Scinta, 31-39. Golden:Fulcrum Publishing, 1999.
Deloria Jr., Vine and Daniel R. Wildcat. Power and Place: Indian Education in America. Colorado: Fulcrum Publishing, 2001.
Dowie, Mark. Conservation Refugees: The Hundred-Year Conflict between Global Conservation and Native Peoples. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2009. Doi: 10.7551/mitpress/7532.001.0001
Fitzgerald, David and Linda Hasselstrom. Bison: Monarch of the Plains. Portland: Graphic ArtsCenter Publishing Company, 1998.
Gone, Joseph P. “Colonial Genocide and Historical Trauma in Native North America: Complicating Contemporary Attributions.” In Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America. Edited by Andrew Woolford, Jeff Benvenuto, and Alexander Laban Hinton, 273-291. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014. Doi: 10.1215/9780822376149-013
Green, Richard. “Moundville: Home of Prehistoric Chickasaws?” Chickasaw TV Video Network, October 9, 2017. Video, 00:01:22. Accessed July 26, 2020. https://www.chickasaw.tv/videos/moundville-home-of-prehistoric-chickasaws.
Grinde, Donald A. and Bruce E. Johansen. Ecocide of Native America: Environmental Destruction of Indian Lands and Peoples. Santa Fe: Clear Light Publishers, 1995. Eichler©2020 Genocide Studies and Prevention 14, no. 2 https://doi.org/10.5038/1911‑99184.108.40.2060120
Hämäläinin, Pekka. “The First Phase of Destruction: Killing the Southern Plains Buffalo, 1790-1840.” Great Plains Quarterly 21, no. 2 (April 1, 2001), 101-114.
Higgins, Polly. Eradicating Genocide: Laws and Governance to Prevent the Destruction of Our Planet. London: Shepheard-Walwyn LTD, 2010.
Hogan, Linda. “First People.” In Intimate Nature: The Bond between Women and Animals. Edited by Linda Hogan, Deena Metzger, and Brenda Paterson, 6-19. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1997.
Hubbard, Tasha. “Buffalo Genocide in Nineteenth-Century North America: ‘Kill, Skin, and Sell.’” In Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America. Edited by Andrew Woolford, Jeff Benvenuto, and Alexander Laban Hinton, 292-305. Durham: Duke University Press, 2014. Doi: 10.1215/9780822376149-014
Isenberg, Andrew C. The Destruction of the Bison: An Environmental History, 1750-1920. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511549861 Jacob, Michelle M. Indian Pilgrims: Indigenous Journeys of Activism and Healing with Saint Kateri Tekakwitha. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 2016.
LaDuke, Winona. All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life. Massachusetts: South End Press, 1999.
Lemkin, Raphaël. Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. New Hampshire: Rumford Press, 1944.
Lewis, Henry T. “A Parable of Fire: Hunter Gatherers in Canada and Australia.” In Traditional Ecological Knowledge: A Collection of Essays. Edited by Robert. E. Johannes, 7-20. Cambridge: ICUN, 1989.
McPhereson, Dennis H. and Douglas J. Rabb. Indian from the Inside: Native American Philosophy and Cultural Renewal. 2nd ed. Jefferson: McFarland & Co., Inc., 2011.
Moses, Dirk A. “Empire, Colony, Genocide: Keywords and the Philosophy of History.” In Empire, Colony, Genocide: Conquest, Occupation, and Subaltern Resistance in World History. Edited by A. Dirk Moses, 3-54. New York: Berghan Books, 2008.
Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, s.v. “Landscape.” Accessed July 27, 2020. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/landscape.
Neuman, Roderick. Imposing Wilderness: Struggles over Livelihood and Nature Preservation in Africa. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.
Norton-Smith, Thomas M. The Dance of Person & Place: One Interpretation of American Indian Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2010.
Pierotti, Raymond. Indigenous Knowledge, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2011. Doi: 10.4324/9780203847114
Pierotti, Raymond and Daniel Wildcat. “Traditional Ecological Knowledge: The Third Alternative (Commentary).” Ecological Applications 10, no. 5 (October 2000), 1333-1340. Doi: 10.1890/1051-0761(2000)010[1333:TEKTTA]2.0.CO;2
Short, Damien. Redefining Genocide: Settler Colonialism, Social Death, and Ecocide. London: Zed Books, 2016.
Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake. Dancing on Our Turtle’s Back: Stories of Nishnaabeg Re-creation, Resurgence, and a New Emergence. Winnipeg: Arbeiter Ring Publishing, 2011.
———-. As We Have Always Done: Indigenous Freedom Through Radical Resistance. Minneapolis:University of Minnesota Press, 2017.
Smits, David D. “The Frontier Army and the Destruction of the Buffalo: 1865-1883.” Western Historical Quarterly 25, no. 3 (Autumn 1994), 312-338. Doi: 10.2307/971110 United Nations. General Assembly resolution 260, Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. December 9, 1948. UN Doc. A/RES/260(III). Accessed April 24, 2019. https://www.un.org/en/genocideprevention/documents/atrocity-crimes/Doc.1_Convention%20on%20the%20Prevention%20and%20Punishment%20of%20the%20 Crime%20of%20Genocide.pdf
Watts, Vanessa. “Indigenous Place-Thought and Agency Amongst Humans and Non-humans (First Woman and Sky Woman Go on a European World Tour!).” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 2, no. 1 (2013), 20-34. Wilderness Act, 16 U.S.C. 1131-1136 (1946), accessed July 30, 2020 https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1981/ upload/W-Act_508.pdf
White, John H. “Hunting Buffalo from the Train: Buffalo, Iron Horses, and the Path toward Extinction.” Railroad History 201 (Fall-Winter 2009), 42-49. Ecocide Is Genocide©2020 Genocide Studies and Prevention 14, no. 2 https://doi.org/10.5038/1911‑99220.127.116.110121
Whitt, Laurelyn. Science, Colonialism, and Indigenous Peoples: The Cultural Politics of Law and Knowledge. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511760068
Zimmerer, Jürgen. “Colonialism and the Holocaust: Towards an Archaeology of Genocide.” Genocide and Settler Society: Frontier Violence and Stolen Indigenous Children in Australian History. Edited by A. Dirk Moses, 49-76. New York: Berghahn Books, 2004.