We conduct our research, in the field — in the mountains, from several situations, that assist us in getting accurate data retrieval. We call it establishing a Baseline. Inclusive of Transect Markers, and a firm knowledge of the wildlife we track.
A good example is establishing a Baseline. There is a difference from one species to another, which we already acknowledge. But do we pay attention to these differences. This is exemplified from the baseline of a Coyote gait, is a trot; compared to the baseline of a Bear, which is a walk. Variances also exist, which experience tells us quite well, and the Bobcat, for example, and one Bobcat from another Bobcat may have a difference in their Baseline of personal gaits. The variance could be the cause of many things, but for here, it does exist and much different than what people in the cit know or acknowledge. Yes, Perceptions.
Now the reason for this particular article, is to point out what we refer to as, Perceptive Bias. Yes, a difference, between how people raised and live most of their life in cities, and those raised in the country that selected wildlife and Nature, as an observable plain of reference when observation conducted.
In our Western experience, or culture, baseline experience is an entirely different realm. Many differences between West Coast mind-sets and East Coast mind-sets, and all points in between. Population densities make a very large difference, at times, within habitat development, habitat use, or Habitat management/Wildlife management paradigms.
For example, a weekend camper or hiker, simply does not have the time to peruse Nature thoroughly. As well, not often enough to venture into the realm of necessity in the matters of managing Nature. There car is never far away, and a beneficial safety factor for them; although, some venture miles into areas they explore, and spend a night or two, or even perhaps a week. Some more than others. Baseline for these people are their weekends. These are times when their Baseline creeps into their life, and at the blink of any eye, or when the weekend over, they leave.
Wolves, for example, their Baseline is either resting, which they do most of the time, and why we see their family-pack cohesive, and firm. Or, they hunt, exerting themselves when need be (so much for the human bias perception, or ignorance, that wolves kill for entertainment) for the pack. This is true with many species of wildlife, and most never exert themselves unless a need to do so exists. This is a functioning state of Baseline, or a stress-free style of living.
Establishing an understanding of “Place” is the discussion here. Too understand through observation, over long periods of time, is the bases toward richness. This is the beginning of understanding how all is connected, and the entire relationship of wildlife, the predators, the prey — an antelope starts its day alert, ready to go, and run when need be, hopefully faster than the predator giving chase, in order to survive. The lion starts its day, knowing it has to be faster than its prey, in order to survive.